Summary: For low birthweight (LBW) infants born in resource-limited settings, kangaroo maternal care (KMC)* appears to be associated with a lower risk of mortality, nosocomial infection, or hypothermia, and with improved gains in weight and head circumference compared to conventional neonatal care. Additionally, for relatively stable LBW infancts, early onset KMC appears to be associated with a shorter hospital stay compared to late-onset KMC.

* Generally defined as skin-to-skin contact between  mother and child, frequent and nearly exclusive breastfeeding, and early hospital discharge.

Strength of Recommendation = A