Summary: While stimulant medications can be effective for reducing impulsiveness and hyperactivity in children, for patients with attention-deficit & hyperactivity disorder (especially those with congenital heart disease), avoidance of methylphenidate may be associated with a lower risk of arrhythmia compared to starting treatment with methylphenidate.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/27245699/

Strength of Recommendation = B

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