Summary: For non-cardiac surgery, patients without any cardiac risk factors (specifically, no renal failure, coronary artery disease, or diabetes mellitus, and surgery will not be in a major body cavity), avoiding the use of perioperative beta-blockade may be associated with a lower risk of death.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/26017188/

Strength of Recommendation = B

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